Since the ancient times, aquaponics has been used to cultivate plants and aquatic animals.
Asians and Aztecs used aquaponics systems to provide for their families for many years and it is still being today not only by these groups of people, but by farmers and homeowners around the world, that is why backyard DIY Aquaponics is the best thing you can do for your family.
19 Best Fishes for Aquaponics
Many farm owners testify that aquaponics work really well when it comes to raising leafy crops and freshwater fishes. On the other hand, it’s best to know what types of fishes would thrive well in your setting before starting anything.
Nineteen of the best fishes for aquaponics are: mollies, tilapia, sunfish, blue gill, crappie, angelfish, guppies, swordfish, tetras, koi, pacu, fancy goldfish, Largemouth bass, yellow perch, silver perch, golden perch, catfish, barramundi and carp.
Fishes and Vegetables
If you plan to put aquaponic fishes and vegetables in your farm, make sure that they have similar temperature and pH needs. If you can’t find species that have the same pH and temperature needs, at least look for those that have very close requirements to ensure that they grow well.
The large market for tilapia has moved most fish farm owners to focus on tilapia farming for many years. It is vital that you know the challenges of raising fishes in your backyard or your facility because all your efforts will go into waste if you start on things that you can’t maintain.
Experts say that the key to tilapia farming is to have a breeder colony. This means that you can start your farm with five female fishes and one male. There are various tilapia species around, but most prefer the Blue tilapia because it is very easy to obtain and easier to breed. Blue tilapias also sell well in most Asian markets and taste really good if you’re just planning to breed for personal use.
Another type of fish bred by many fish farmers is koi. Though koi is not edible, many people like to have koi in their gardens for aesthetic purposes and to prevent mosquitoes from breeding into their ponds.
You have to bear in mind though that koi fishes will lose their wonderful colors if they are not properly raised. In order to keep them healthy, make sure that they are fed with high quality food and are kept in ponds or tanks with cool, clean water.
It is recommended that you also check the bloodline of the koi that you are about to breed to ensure that they are coming from an established background.
Nitrification is very important in the aquaponics system. It is when ammonia turns into nitrite so fishes and plants can live well.
Large amounts of ammonia in the water can increase the levels of water pH and cause the fishes and plants in your system to die. Because of this, it is vital to check the pH levels from time to time to ensure that all your green leafy crops and fish breeds stay well.